Outsmarting Valmiki?

Many Upanyasakars (Preachers) try to make the story more Valuable by adding from outside Valmiki Ramayana. The Listener’s are not much worried as they enjoy it any way without application of mind. It is also not good manners to criticize the Preacher by finding faults. As In Bhakthi Marga (Cult) all are acceptable under one word of devotion. A person using his intellect is looked down upon. As Bhakthi is accepted as Blind. Now see what happens. Hanuman when coming from Lanka is appreciated for informing the Vanaras ( Monkeys) “Saw Seetha” (In Tamil Kanden Seethayai) The Sloka is (5-57-16)says hanuman (ननाद हरिशार्दूलो) Roared. The Roaring was interpreted as mission successful by Jambhavan (5-57-23). On landing Hanuman Paid respects to Jambhavan and prince Angada (5-57-34). In Sloka (5-57-35) he said in brief (दृष्टा देवी) that he had seen seetha. So the statement saw Seetha was what he is supposed to have said while coming is not correct. Now this error is compounded by many others who want to be wiser. They said “saw Seetha” was made to Monkeys only and that when hanuman met Rama he said “Seetha is chaste” as the first statement. This is also wrong. See what happens. The information about the success of the mission comes much earlier. And then when Hanuman meets Rama and Lakshmana informs (5-64-36) that Seetha is in constant devotion of Rama. And what is nectar (sweet अमृतोपमम् ) to the ears of Rama is the message that Seetha was found (5-64-37) “from the mouth of Hanuman”. That Seetha if alive will be chaste is known to Rama he need not have confirmation from monkey. Over emphasizing the chastity of Seetha only spoils the story as if Rama had doubted it. Valmiki has no such qualms. Thus the Preachers are pulling down the quality of story by not understanding the finer nuances of Ramayana as written by Valmiki.

List of Slokas

Sanskrit English
स तम् देशमनुप्राप्तः सुहृद्दर्शनलालसः ||
ननाद हरिशार्दूलो लाङ्गूलम् चाप्यकम्पयत् |
Having reached that place, Hanuma who was ardently desiraus of seeing his friends, roared and waved his tail. Back
सर्वथा कृत कार्यो असौ हनूमान् न अत्र संशयः ||
न हि अस्य अकृत कार्यस्य नाद एवम् विधो भवेत् |
परिमृष्टो दश अन्तेन दश आभागेन सेव्यते ||
This Hanuma has accoMplished his assignment in all ways. His saund will not indeed be like this, if he has not fulfilled his task. There is not daubt in this matter. Back
हनूमान् तु गुरून् वृद्धान् जाम्बवत् प्रमुखान् तदा ||
कुमारम् अन्गदम् चैव सो अवन्दत महाकपिः |
Then, Hanuma the excellent one among the monkeys, on his part, offered his salutation to venerable persons and elders like Jambavan in the first place, as also Angada, the prince Back
स ताभ्याम् पूजितः पूज्यः कपिभिः च प्रसादितः ||
दृष्टा देवी इति विक्रान्तः संक्षेपेण न्यवेदयत् |
Jambavan and Angada honoured that victorious and venerable Hanuma. The other monkeys also made him gracious. Hanuma informed them briefly that he had seen Seetha. Back
हनूमान् च महाबहुः प्रणम्य शिरसा ततः ||
नियताम् अक्षताम् देवीम् राघवाय न्यवेदयत् |
Thereafter, the mighty armed Hanuma, offering his salutation in bending his head low, informed Rama that Seetha the princess is constant in devotion to Rama and sound in body. Back
दृष्टा देवीति हनुमद्वदनादमृतोपमम् ||
आकर्ण्य वचनम् रामो हर्षमाप सलक्ष्मणः |
Hearing the nectar-like words, saying “Seetha was found” from the mouth of Hanuma, Rama and Lakshmana felt happy. Back

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All Sloka Translations are from the site Valmiki Ramayana


3 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. P.K.Ramakrishnan
    Jan 20, 2011 @ 15:57:49

    I now understand the meaning of kathaa kaalakshepam.

    Kaalakshepam means passing time or time pass.
    Kathaa means telling stories or listening to stories.

    Nowadays with internet one can have a large audience.

    Please carry on.


    • m.k.subramanian
      May 18, 2011 @ 13:19:27

      I am happy if you have understood the meaning Kath Kalakshpa. Then I do not wish to disturb your peace.

      But depending on the internet communication is not entirely ‘safe’ learning process. Much of the information obtained this ‘free for all’ mode is not authentic.

      However for reaching a large audience it is a good mode.



  2. m.k.subramanian
    May 18, 2011 @ 13:11:35

    Shloka 5-64-37 is the one the pravachakas take for interpolation and explanation.
    They normally take up the construction of the sentence to admire the skill of Hanuman in communication. He says ‘Seen Sita’. Its a complete sentence with only 2 words including a verb! ‘Seen’ precedes ‘Sita’! That’s important.

    Effective communication has to be, not only brief, but MUST BE COMPLETE. It must also address the listener’s anxiety. e.g. If the sentence was” Sita seen”, then, anxiety related Stress level of Rama would have lasted a few seconds more (gap of time in utterance between ‘Sita’ and ‘Seen’)!
    In the message, ‘Seen’ must precede ‘Sita’. This should be highlighted.

    This theory applies not only to oral communication but also to written communication. A good report or a proposal must all be contained in one page – elaborations can form attachments with cross reference!
    Hanuman also elaborates on the strength of the Lanka”s Army and details of talk with Sita and Ravana, later. But the essence of the mission was communicated in the first word, uttered – “Seen”.

    Your prejudice against the Pravachakas [AND I AM KEEN TO KNOW WHOM YOU HAVE HEARD] and Bhakthas [whom you term ‘cult’ followers] are doing less damage compared to your scathing views on them. (Ramayana and other epics have survived all these years only because of them. They go place to place for educating the masses on the Purana in a manner they can understand. If Hinduism depended on scholars like you Purana(s) too would have been lost to posterity like Vedas. Then, we lament!
    If masses can learn the skills and nuances of effective communication from Ramayana, surely intellectuals like YOU must not get unnecessarily CHARGED AND PROVOKED! Lesser mortals have not only the right to live but get exposed to the scriptures albeit for enjoyment!


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