आततायी (aatatayee) ……… Terrorist/Despot


Both Atharvana veda and Manausmriti makes it a king’s prime duty to kill aatataaye without forethought overtly or covertly
That is exactly what Rama did and expalined to Vali. Rama on knowing about Vali rushes to Kishkinda to kill him and covertly aims arrow and kills. Rama also quotes Manusmriti sloka Nos.8-343 and 8- 346 Refer Valmiki Ramayana 4-18-31 /32

ओउम | इन्द्र जहि पुमांसं यातुधानमुत स्त्रियं मायया शाशदानाम् |
विग्रीवासो मूरदेवा ऋदन्तु मा ते दृशन्त्सूर्यमुच्चरन्तम् ||Adarvana veda 8/4/24

हे इन्द्र =अन्यायनाशक राजन्
यातुधानम् =आततायी (terrorist/despot)
मायया= चालाकी से (through maya)
शाशदानाम्= पीड़ा पहुँचाने वाले ( causes distress)
मूरदेवाः = हिंसा ही है आराध्य जिनका ऐसे ( to whom causing distress is aim)
पुमांसम्+उत+स्त्रियम् =पुरुष और स्त्री को ( to men and women)
ऋदन्तु= नष्ट हों (create loss)
जहि =मार दे ( Kill)
विग्रीवासः= ग्रीवारहित होकर
ते= वे (they)
मा =मत (Don’t)
उच्चरन्तम् =उदय होते (As sun raises)
सूर्य्यम्= सूर्य को (Sun)
दृशन् =देखें | (see)
Explanation
In this sloka King is ordered to kill terrorists whose only aim is to cause misery to men and women and create loss. This is their duty or daily duty and should precede all other duties.

ओइन्द्रो यातूनामभवत्पराशरो हवर्थीनामभ्याविवासताम्

= राजा लोगों को जीवन सामग्री के नाशक तथा लोगों को बेघर करने वाले यातधानों आततायियों का सर्वथा नाशक होता है | The king has to be the killer of despots and terrorists who cause destruction of house property.

इन्द्र जहि पुमांसं यातुधानमुत स्त्रियं मायया शाशदानाम्

= हे राजन् छल कपट से हिंसा करने वाले आततायी पुरुष और स्त्री को मार दे | The king should kill the men and women who qualify as terrorists (though women are considered to be recipients of protection they lose this privilege on being named as aatatayee –terrorists and are considered as women only until they follow the Dharma)

To Quote from Manusmrirt

गुरुं व बालवृद्धौ वा ब्राह्मणं वा बहुश्रुतम् |
आततायिनमायान्तं हन्यादे वाविचारयन् || 8/350 ||

Be it a teacher (गुरुं), or child(बाल), or an elder (वृद्धौ), or very learned Brahmin (ब्राह्मणं वा बहुश्रुतम्), if they become terrorists (आततायी) by forsaking dharma and killing innocents, kill them without forethought (वाविचारयन् )and think later.

गनाततायिवधे दोषो हन्तुर्भवति कश्चन |
प्रकाशं वाप्रकाशं वा मन्युस्तं मन्य्मृच्छति || 8/351 ||

It is not a sin (दोषो) to kill terrorist (आततायी). Overt (प्रकाशं) and covert (वाप्रकाशं) method to kill him. But it should be remembered that only king is authorized to do this duty. If every individual starts applying this law then it will lead to chaos.
Also Refer Killing Awalaki

Thanks to Shivraj Lakshman for his help in posting this.

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