Sugriva the underrated Character (3)

When Vibhishana reaches Rama he was first sighted by Sugriva [ 6-17-05]. Sugriva immediately concludes that Vibhishana is intending tgo kill them [ 6-17-07]. Sugriva immediately orders to kill them [ 6-17-09]. But Vibhishana preempts him claims he has come seeking refuge with Rama abandoning his wife and children [ 6-17-16]. Immediately Sugriva speaks to Rama and Lakshmana. He warns Rama that Vibhishana is from enemy force [ 6-17-19]. Warns that he may trick them after gaining confidence [ 6-17-23]. Questions how he can be Trusted[ 6-17-25]. Rama appreciates this advice and asks everyone to say their opinion. This exactly what Manusmriti advices. Take every bodies opinion and then make your own decision.
7.57 तेषां स्वं स्वम् अभिप्रायं उपलभ्य प्र्तक प्र्तक समस्तानां च कार्येषु विदध्यद्य् हितम् आत्मनः
7.57. Having (first) ascertained the opinion of each (minister) separately and (then the views) of all together, let him do what is (most) beneficial for him in his affairs. After getting every bodies opinion
Rama decides to take him But Sugriva persists. Say if he can deceive his own brother why can’t he deceive us. Rama compliments Sugriva again by saying he is well read hence he is speaking like this [ 6-18-08]. Why did he say that? Again because Manusmriti says;
7.180 यथा एनं आतिष्ठेद् अर्रिराष्ट्रं प्रति प्रभुः तदानेन विधानेन ययद् अरिपुरं शनैः
7.180. Let him arrange everything in such a manner that no ally, no neutral or foe may injure him; that is the sum of political wisdom

Thus Sugriva is a person well read and knows dharma. Hence the accolade from Rama.

Sanskrit English
तम् आत्म पन्चमम् दृष्ट्वा सुग्रीवो वानर अधिपः |
वानरैः सह दुर्धर्षः चिन्तयाम् आस बुद्धिमान् ||६-१७-५
Sugriva the valiant of monkeys, who was difficult to be overpowered, having seen Vibhishana, the fifth one along with four others, became thoughtful along with monkeys. Back
एष सर्व आयुध उपेतः चतुर्भिः सह राक्षसैः |
राक्षसो अभ्येति पश्यध्वम् अस्मान् हन्तुम् न संशयः ||६-१७-७
“See this demon possessing all types of weapons, coming along with four demons. There is no doubt that he is coming to kill us.” Back
शीघ्रम् व्यादिश नो राजन् वधाय एषाम् दुरात्मनाम् |
निपतन्तु हताः च एते धरण्याम् अल्प जीविताः ||६-१७-९
“Do you swiftly order us to slay these wicked doers, O, king? Let us strike these fools down so that they drop to the ground!” Back
सो अहम् परुषितस् तेन दासवच् च अवमानितः |
त्यक्त्वा पुत्रामः च दारामः च राघवम् शरणम् गतः ||६-१७-१६
“Reviled by him and humiliated as a slave, I, leaving my sons and my wife, have come to take refuge with Rama.” Back
प्रविष्टः शत्रु सैन्यम् हि प्राप्तः शत्रुरतर्कितः |
निहन्यादन्न्तरम् लब्ध्वा उलूको वायसानिव ||६-१७-१९
“Belonging to the enemy force, here is an adversary taking us unawares, who unexpectedly has come here to slay us at the first opportunity like an owl destroying crows!” Back
अथवा स्वयमेवैष चिद्रमासाद्य बुद्धिमान् |
अनुप्रविश्य विश्वस्ते कदाचित्प्रहरेदपि ||६-१७-२३
“Otherwise he , intelligent by himself, can get into possession of a weak point in us. Having first gained our confidence by craft, he may even at any time attack us.” Back
प्रकृत्या राक्षसो ह्येष भ्रातामित्रस्य वै प्रभो |
आगतश्च रिपोः साक्षात्कथमस्मिंश्च विश्वसेत् ||६-१७-२५
“O, Lord! He is indeed a demon by nature and a brother of an enemy who came directly from an adversary. How can we keep trust in him?” Back
अनधीत्य च शास्त्राणि वृद्धाननुपसेव्य च |
न शक्यमीदृशम् वक्तुम् यदुवाच हरीश्वरः ||६-१८-८
“Without studying scriptures and without serving elders, it is not possible to speak such words as Sugreeva spoke.” Back

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All Sloka Translations are from the site Valmiki Ramayana


Anna Czar should Read This

Once a humble man came to King and asked for job. King asked what job. The answer was ” Any job” The King did not understand so asked “what salary”? The man said any salary. This was confusing. “If I pay 1ps per month how will it help you”? “Your highness in all Govt. jobs we can earn bribe and that will take care of my family and me”. (This was like Anna Hazare saying sab chor hai -all are thieves). The king was stunned but he was game for it. He told him to count the horse dung from the stable and keep count of it.

The man happily departed. Next day he started harassing the people working on collecting of horsedung and started delaying them by asking to come in line and wait till records are updated. They were perplexed. Their 3 hrs job started taking 8 Hrs. So they redaily agreed to pay a bribe of 5 ps ber basket of dung. In the end it was so well organised that they themselves gave him all the data and also the bribe. He just had to relax and collect his Bribe. One day the king went there to see how the man was functioning. Our mas was corrupt but honest. When King heard what was happening he blew his head and changed the man’s job to counting the waves in the beach.

Well No problem now he started harassing the Fisher men. They were told to enter the sea only at his bequest. They found he was really a king’s man and was assigned this job. He started claiming they were disturbing the waves and he was not able to count it.
Well what else but to pay something. They decided on an amount of Re 1 per boat. This is an old story ( corruption is from time immmemorial even Manusmrit talks about it) and Re 1 was a big amount then. King enquired about this man one day. He was told he has become very rich and was even building a palatial house for himself.
Now will Anna the czar read this story and understand?

Contributed by M H Gopalakrishnan

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